UGR
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FÍSICA DE LA ATMÓSFERA
(Ref. RNM-119)
28
November
2021
November 2021
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UGR Station

 

Urban background. (37.16°N, 3.61°W, 680m asl).

The station combines long-term monitoring of vertical distribution of atmospheric aerosol, with in-situ measurements for the characterization of aerosol particles, as well as the monitoring of clouds and atmospheric and solar radiation at several spectral ranges. Some of the instruments based in UGR station are suitable to be moved for participation in campaigns.

At UGR station, it is located the Laboratory of Atmospheric Geochemistry. It is designed for the physicochemical characterization of environmental samples. The laboratory provides various elementary tools and materials for the chemical speciation of samples such as: filter treatments for sampling atmospheric particulate matter; filtration of environmental samples; leaching methodologies; and gravimetric analysis. The laboratory contains specific  equipment for the samples treatment and characterization (high-temperature oven, high-precision balance, filtration equipment, ultrapure water systems).

In addition, at UGR station, it is located the Laboratory of Aerosol Spectrometry.

 

Measurements of UGR Station

AEROSOL REMOTE SENSING

Instrument

Characteristics

ACTRIS Variables

Multi-spectral Raman Lidar (MULHACEN)

Emission at 355, 532, 1064 nm

Detection at 355, 532, 1064 nm and at Raman 353.9, 408 and 530.2 nm

Attenuated backscatter profile

Volume depolarization profile

Particle backscatter coefficient profile

Particle extinction coefficient profile

Lidar ratio profile

Ångström exponent profile

Backscatter-related Ångström exponent profile

Particle depolarization ratio profile

Particle layer geometrical properties (height and thickness)

Particle layer optical properties (extinction,

backscatter, lidar ratio, Ångström exponent, M CARS DC NRT-S 60 m depolarization ratio, optical depth)

Column integrated extinction

Planetary boundary layer height

Spectral Downward Sky Radiances

Direct Sun/Moon Extinction Aerosol Optical Depth (column)

Sun photometer

Radiance detection at 340, 380, 440, 500, 675, 870, 940, and 1020 nm

Multi-spectral Raman Lidar, Dual-LMRD

(in 2022)

Emission: 1064 nm, 532 nm, and 355 nm

Detection at elastic channels:

355, 532, and 1064 nm;

Detection at rotational Raman channels at R355, R532 nm and R1064 nm.

Detection at vibrational raman channel at 408 nm

 

CLOUD REMOTE SENSING

Instrument

Characteristics

ACTRIS Variables

Microwave Radiometer

22-31 GHz (water vapor) and 51-58 GHz (O2)

Radar reflectivity factor

Radar Doppler velocity

Radar Doppler spectral width

Radar linear depolarisation ratio

Attenuated backscatter profile

Cloud/aerosol target classification

Drizzle drop size distribution

Drizzle water content

Drizzle water flux

Ice water content

Liquid water content

Dissipation rate of TKE (turbulent kinetic energy)

Atmospheric boundary layer classification

Liquid water path

Temperature profile

Relative humidity profile

Integrated water vapor path

Cloud Radar

Emission at 94GHz

Vertical and scanning

Doppler Lidar

Emission at 1500 nm

Ceilometer

Emission at 1064 nm

 

REACTIVE TRACE GASES REMOTE SENSING

Instrument

Characteristics

ACTRIS Variables

UVVIS MAXDOAS

(in late 2021)

Spectral Range: 270 - 530 nm

Ozone column

Formaldehyde column

Formaldehyde lower tropospheric profile

NO2 column

 

AEROSOL IN SITU

Instrument

Characteristics

ACTRIS Variables

Integrating nephelometer (InNe)

TSI 3563

3 wavelengths (450, 550 and 700 nm)

Particle light scattering and backscattering coefficients

Particle number size distribution - mobility diameter

Particle number size distribution-optical and aerodynamic diameter

Particle number concentration

Nanoparticle number size distribution

Nanoparticle number concentration

Cloud condensation nuclei number concentration

Mass concentration of particulate organic and elemental carbon

Mass concentration of particulate organic tracers

Mass concentration of non-refractory particulate organics and inorganics

Mass concentration of particulate element

Scanning particle mobility sizer (SMPS)

SMPS (TSI)

Long and short DMA

X-Rays and Kr-85 radioactive sources

CPC 3772/3775 

Aerodynamic particle size spectrometer (APS)

TSI Mod. 3221

Multi-angle absorption photometer (MAAP)

MAAP (Thermo 5012)

Single wavelength (637 nm)

Aethalometer

AE-33

High-volume samplers

MCV sa, both sequential and manual operation mode

TOF-ACSM

Aerodyne

CCN Counter

CCN200 (DMT)

Dual column CCN counter

Scanning SS

High-time resolution

Rapid-E

Automatic Bioaerosol Monitor.

Fluorescence spectrometer

Dry-wet deposition samplers

TISCH Scientific

Total deposition collector

MCV sa

Low Cost Air Quality Sensor

Modulair, Quantaq

Polar Nephelometer

Airphotons

CCD Camera

Individual particles

Scattered light from UV to IR (3 wavelengths)

Scattered polarized light

 

COMPLEMENTARY

Instrument

Characteristics

Variables

Radiosondes

Graw, DFM-06

Balloons 100 g, 350 g

vertical range: upper troposphere-lower stratosphere

vertical profiles of pressure, temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and direction.

Automatic Weather Station

Weather sensors

Radiometers

Data logger

Surface values of pressure, temperature, relative humidity, precipitation, wind speed and direction, solar irradiation (broadband, UVA, UVB and thermal infrared)

Disdrometer

Parsivel

Particle size and velocity of liquid and solid precipitation

 

 

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